What Is a Personal Loan? - Meaning, Types, & Benefits
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  • Personal
  • Business
  • Corporate
  • Private Banking
  • Privy League
  • NRI Services
  • Investors
12 OCTOBER, 2023

Financial freedom is a cherished aspiration for many individuals like you. Whether it is pursuing higher education, renovating your home, handling unexpected medical expenses, or even consolidating existing debts. There are moments in life when additional financial support becomes a necessity. In such times, you need to borrow from friends or family.

But sometimes borrowing from them can lead to strain in relationships. That is where the Personal Loans can assist you. But what is a Personal Loan? How can it help you? What are the eligibility criteria to get a Personal Loan? Well, to get answers to all these questions, you must read this blog.

What is a Personal Loan?

A Instant Personal Loan is a loan in which a lending institution, like a bank, lends money to an individual. In return, you agree to repay this amount over a set time, often with interest and additional charges. Personal Loans are versatile and can be used for various personal financial needs.

What are the Types of Personal Loans?

When considering Personal Loans, it is essential to understand that several types are available, each designed for different purposes. Here are some common types of Personal Loans, explained in simple terms:

  • Unsecured Personal Loans

Personal Loans of this type are the most frequent. You borrow a certain amount of money without collateral. Your credit score usually determines interest rates, and you repay the loan every month.

  • Home Improvement Loans

These Personal Loans are for home renovation or repair projects. The loan amount depends on the scope of your project and your creditworthiness.

  • Medical Loans

Medical expenses can be high, so medical Personal Loans are designed to cover these costs. They may offer flexible repayment terms.

How Does a Personal Loan Work?

A Instant Personal Loan is a financial arrangement between you and the lending institutions. When you require funds for personal or financial needs, you typically approach a commercial lender or a trusted source. The lender then provides a specified amount based on agreed-upon terms, which include interest rates, fees, and the repayment plan.

For instance, interest may be paid in monthly increments, known as amortization, or in the case of an interest-only loan, only the interest is paid until the principal balance is cleared at the end. All these terms are explicitly outlined in loan documents and contracts before any funds are disbursed.

In many cases, lenders may request collateral to safeguard their investment if you default, ensuring they have an asset to recover their funds if necessary. Ultimately, both parties must agree on these terms before finalising the Personal Loan Agreement.

What are the Benefits of a Personal Loan?

Some of the benefits of a Personal Loan are as follows:

  • Flexible use of Funds

Personal Loans offer versatility for various financial needs, like debt consolidation, medical expenses, or home improvements.

  • No Collateral Needed

Personal Loans typically do not require assets like your home or car as collateral, reducing the risk of asset loss.

  • Predictable Monthly Payments

These loans come with fixed interest rates and monthly payments, making budgeting more manageable.

  • Quick and Easy Application

Applying for Personal Loans is often simple and can be done online, with a streamlined approval process for quick access to funds.

  • Credit Score Improvement

Responsible Personal Loan management can enhance your credit score, potentially leading to better loan terms and lower interest rates.

Must Read : How the Personal Loan Disbursement Process Works: A Comprehensive Guide

What are the Eligibility Criteria to Get a Personal Loan?

To secure a Personal Loan, you must meet specific eligibility criteria set by lenders. These Personal Loan eligibility criteria help ensure you are financially responsible and capable of repaying the loan. Here are the critical eligibility factors to consider:

  • Age Requirement: You must be at least 18 years old.
  • Income Stability: Demonstrating a reliable income source is essential.
  • Credit Score: A higher credit score improves approval chances and loan terms.
  • Employment status: Employment or stable income is usually required.
  • Citizenship: You must be a citizen of India.

What are the Documents Required to Apply for a Personal Loan?

When applying for a Personal Loan, you must provide several documents to support your application. Here's a breakdown of the necessary Personal Loan required documents, which are as follows:

1. Salary Slips and Form 16

You must submit salary slips detailing monthly earnings and Form 16 outlining income and tax deductions. These are essential for income verification.

2. Bank Statements

These statements help reflect spending patterns and savings over the past few months.

3. Latest Income-Tax Returns

To establish financial credibility, provide a consolidated income summary, deductions, and tax payments.

4. Age Proof

You can provide proof of age through your birth certificate, passport, Aadhaar card, voter ID, or PAN card.

5. Address Proof

You must provide the address form through documents like an Aadhaar card, passport, electricity/telephone bill, or ration card.

6. Photo Identification Proof

To verify your identity, you must submit an Aadhaar card, voter ID, PAN card, passport, or driver's license.

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What are the Factors to Consider When Taking a Personal Loan?

When considering taking out a Personal Loan, you should consider several important factors to make a wise decision. Here are some key factors to keep in mind:

  • Interest Rate

The Personal Loan Interest rates refer to the cost of borrowing money. It is important to compare interest rates from different lenders and choose the lowest possible rate. A lower interest rate implies you will have to pay less money in total over the life of the loan.

  • Loan Term

The loan term is the duration you must repay the loan. A shorter duration typically comes with higher payments but lower overall interest costs. Longer terms may have low monthly payments but could cost more in interest over time.

  • Monthly Payment

You must guarantee that the monthly payments are within your budget. The costly payments might strain your finances, making meeting your other financial obligations impossible. A Personal Loan EMI calculator will help you determine your monthly payment and make informed decisions.

  • Fees

Some lenders have Personal Loan fees & charges, such as origination or prepayment penalties. Be sure to understand all the fees associated with the loan and factor them into your decision-making process.

  • Credit Score

Credit scores influence the interest rates lenders offer you. Higher scores lead to lower rates, while lower scores mean higher rates or loan rejection.


A Personal Loan can be a valuable financial tool when used responsibly. However, it is crucial to approach cautiously. Additionally, understanding the terms, interest rates, and repayment plans involved is also important. So, next time you borrow money, be responsible and make timely repayments to maintain a positive credit history and secure your financial future.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purposes only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. The Bank makes no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Article. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from the Bank. The Bank, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein. Tax laws are subject to amendment from time to time. The above information is for general understanding and reference. This is not legal advice or tax advice, and users are advised to consult their tax advisors before making any decision or taking any action.