Bhulekh: Navigating Meaning, Online Khatauni, Land Records, & Khata Khatoni for Property Management
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23 NOVEMBER, 2022

The history of Bhulekh can be traced back to ancient times in India. Bhulekh was a process of keeping land records that became more systematic under British rule. After independence, the Indian government took over the maintenance of these records.

To make it easy for all individuals to access land records, the Indian government supported the Computerisation of Land Records (CLR) and launched the National Land Records Modernisation Programme (NLRMP). Today, land records of every state are available on the Bhulekh website of the respective state. Read on to learn more about Bhulekh UP.

What is Bhulekh?

Bhulekh is pioneering digital land records system implemented by the Indian government, ensures transparency and eliminates manual land record management tasks. This digitisation initiative offers citizens swift online access to land details across India, revolutionising property-related information retrieval.

Key Points:

  • Digitisation Efforts: Bhulekh signifies a nationwide move to digitise land records, simplifying access to property information and ownership details within minutes.
  • Online Access Anytime, Anywhere: Through the Bhulekh website, citizens can instantly view, download, and access land ownership specifics from any location.
  • State-Level Portals: Indian states, including Delhi and Uttar Pradesh, have established their Bhulekh portals, facilitating easy access to land records online.
  • Nationwide Implementation: Approximately 90% of Indian states have contributed land registry details to an online repository, promoting the widespread availability of Bhulekh records.
  • Swift Dispute Resolution: Digital land settlement records aid in resolving property disputes promptly and continuously updated by the government for accuracy and reliability.

Key Services Available on Bhulekh Website

  • Khasra number or Khatauni check
  • Fard
  • Records of Rights (Jamabandi)
  • Copy of Records of Rights (nakal Jamabandi)
  • Verify and follow property mutation

Advantages of of Bhulekh Records

  • Speedy update: A citizen can quickly update any new information related to the property through the state-specific online land record portal.
  • Get more information: It is easy to obtain any land-related information from the portal. You can visit the state-specific portal and look for the required information by entering the land's khatauni or Khasra number.
  • Acquire maps: It is very simple to get the maps of any property. You can ask for maps while availing of a land loan.
  • Increased transparency: The computerisation of land records has increased transparency in maintaining these records. As a result, the cases of illegal land possession, exploitation of minors, land disputes and lawsuits have decreased considerably.
  • Eliminates the need to visit the revenue department: Now, citizens need not visit the revenue office for any property-related details.
  • High legal value: Bhulekh facilitates quick resolution of legal disputes, sale or purchase of property and division of land.

What Is the Process for Changing the Name in Bhulekh Online Land Register?

Follow the steps below to change the landowner's name in land documents or the Bhulekh record.

1. Submit an Affidavit

The first step is to file an affidavit statement with all essential details, such as the existing owner's name, the new owner's name, the reason for the change of name, and the present address of the property in question. It should be signed by two gazetted officers and authorised by the notary.

2. Publish an Advertisement

Once the affidavit is filed and the owner's name is changed, it is essential to publish the change via local newspapers to inform the public formally. This advertisement must be issued in two newspapers, one in English and one in the state's regional language newspaper. The publication should include the following details:

  • Existing owner's name
  • New owner's name
  • DOB (Date of Birth) of the existing and new owner
  • Address of the property

3. Submission of the Notice in the Gazette

To complete the name change process, submit a copy of the newspaper publication to the Publication Department. Attach all essential documents to support your advertisement and to simplify the legal process of name change in the Bhulekh UP or any other state records.

4. Visit the Land Registry Department

After the name has been legally altered, the land owner should visit the land registry department. He should carry all the necessary documents to support the change of name. A minimum fee is charged while submitting these documents. Once this step is completed, the new name will be updated in the department's other records.

5. Investigation Process

The concerned bureaucrats will verify whether your request to change the landowner's name is valid or not. For this purpose, they investigate the name change request to verify if the revision in the property record is legitimate.

6. Update the Name Change

Once the validation is completed, the new name will be updated in the Bhulekh records. A copy of the same will be delivered to the applicant's registered address.

The entire system might take around 20 days to change the name in land records. The government has simplified and quickened this name change process by launching an online method. You can also complete this name change process through various online portals available in most states.

List of Documents Required to Name Change in Bhulekh Land Record

  • Affidavit statement on Rs.10 stamp paper.
  • 2 passport-sized photographs.
  • Copy of legal identity proof: Aadhaar card, PAN card, passport, etc.
  • Letter confirming the authenticity of details in both soft and hard copies of the application.
  • Application submitted to relevant authorities along with the prescribed fee.
  • Initial newspaper advertisement cutting for the name change.
  • Printed performance with claimant's and 2 witnesses' signatures.
  • CD containing a signed soft copy of the application in .docx format.

These documents are essential for various official processes, ensuring compliance and legitimacy when initiating procedures such as name changes or other official requests.

How to Address Spelling Errors in Bhulekh Land Records Online?

While updating your information in Bhulekh land records, it's crucial to verify the entered details, especially your name spelling. Human errors might occur inadvertently. Here's how to rectify a name misspelling in Bhulekh records:

  • Prepare an Affidavit: Obtain an affidavit stamped by a notary and submit it to the land registration department. Clearly state the error and provide the correct spelling in the affidavit.
  • Government Verification: The authorities will review the mistake mentioned in the affidavit and make necessary corrections on the Bhulekh land records online portal.
  • Rectification Deed: After online updates, submit a rectification deed to the land registration department to officially change the Bhulekh name.
  • Property Registration: Once rectification is completed, register the property by obtaining consent from both buyers and sellers. Ensure payment of the necessary stamp duty.

Following these steps ensures the accurate reflection of your name in Bhulekh land records, securing the authenticity of your property details.

State Wise Bhulekh Land Records Portal Details

Land records management on paper led to various challenges like maintenance issues, disputes, and fraudulent activities. However, the initiation of the Digital India Land Record Modernization Program (DILRMP) in 2008 transformed land record management by moving it online. Here's a comprehensive list of government Bhulekh land records websites across different states of India, enabling access to detailed land information:

State Bhulekh Land Records Portal
Andhra Pradesh Meebhoomi AP
Bihar Bihar Bhulekh
Jharkhand Jharbhoomi
Gujarat AnyRoR
Punjab Jamabandi Punjab
Rajasthan Apna Katha Raj
Tamil Nadu Patta Chitta TN
Haryana Jamabandi Haryana
Himachal Pradesh Himbhoomi
Delhi Bhulekh Delhi
Maharashtra Bhulekh Mahabhumi
West Bengal Banglarbhumi
Kerala E-Rekha
Telangana Dharani
Uttarakhand Bhulekh UK/Devbhoomi
Uttar Pradesh Bhulekh UP
Madhya Pradesh Bhulekh MP
Odisha Odisha Bhulekh RoR
Chhattisgarh Bhuiyan CG
Assam Dharitree
Goa Goa Land Records
Manipur Louchapathap
Karnataka Bhoomi Online
Tripura Jami Tripura

What is Bhulekh UP?

Bhulekh UP is an online land record system initiated by the Uttar Pradesh government to provide digital access to land-related documents, property records, and maps. It offers citizens a platform to view and verify land details, property ownership records, land maps, and related information, ensuring transparency and ease of access to property-related data in Uttar Pradesh.

How To access Bhulekh UP online

To access Bhulekh UP online, visit the official website of Bhulekh UP. Navigate to the "Bhulekh" or "Bhulekh UP" section on the portal. Choose the desired district, tehsil, and village details. Enter specific land-related information like the owner's name, khata number, or plot number to view land records, including khatauni, Khasra, and property details.

The online platform allows users to access and verify land records, view maps, and check property-related information conveniently. Users can also download or print relevant documents for their reference or official purposes directly from the Bhulekh UP online portal.

What is Khatauni?

Khatauni is a legal revenue record detailing land and property ownership, cultivation details, and landholding rights in India. It contains vital information such as land area, ownership type, crop details, and other pertinent data crucial for land-related transactions and legal purposes. Khatauni serves as a valuable document for property owners and land administration authorities.

Why Khatauni records matter for landowners

Khatauni records hold significant importance for landowners as they serve as authenticated legal documents providing comprehensive information about land holdings. These records contain details such as landowner names, land area, location, type of land, and associated agricultural information. They act as proof of ownership and aid in verifying property boundaries and rights, facilitating legal transactions like sale, purchase, or inheritance.

Khatauni records also help in assessing land revenue, tax liabilities, and eligibility for government schemes or loans. They play a crucial role in resolving land disputes, ensuring transparency in land ownership, and establishing rightful ownership, thereby safeguarding landowners' interests and securing their property rights.

Explanation of Bhulekh Naksha UP

"Bhulekh Naksha UP" refers to the digital mapping system introduced by the Uttar Pradesh government, offering citizens access to online land records, property maps, and related information. It provides a comprehensive platform facilitating easy verification and retrieval of land-related documents and geographical details, promoting transparency and efficiency in property-related transactions across Uttar Pradesh.

Benefits of Bhulekh Naksha for landowners and buyers

Bhulekh Naksha, providing digital land maps, offers substantial benefits to both landowners and buyers. For landowners, it aids in accurate land demarcation, ensuring clarity on property boundaries, facilitating better land management, and minimising disputes. It assists in verifying land details, ownership, and associated documentation, streamlining administrative processes and transactions.

For buyers, Bhulekh Naksha serves as a reliable tool for assessing land authenticity, enabling informed decisions on property purchases. It provides clarity on land boundaries, potential encroachments, and nearby infrastructure. Access to digital maps enhances due diligence, reducing the risk of fraudulent land deals and ensuring a smoother buying process by offering a clear understanding of the land's layout and surroundings.

Read also: Bhoomi Online RTC: Karnataka Land Records


Frequently Asked Questions

1.) What information can I find in a Khatauni record, and how do I interpret it?

Khatauni records contain landowner details, land area, location, type of land, agricultural information, and revenue details. To interpret, verify land ownership, assess land boundaries, understand tax liabilities, and confirm land types. These records aid in property transactions, legal matters, and verifying land-related information.

2.) Are Bhulekh and Khatauni records legally binding for property transactions and disputes?

Bhulekh and Khatauni records serve as essential land documents. While they offer valuable information for property transactions and disputes, they are not standalone legal documents. They act as supporting evidence and aid in verifying land details but may require additional legal validation for complete legality in transactions and disputes.

3.) Can I access Bhulekh and Khatauni records in languages other than Hindi?

Generally, Bhulekh and Khatauni records are available primarily in Hindi on official government portals. However, some states might provide translations or options in regional languages.


Many citizens have benefited from the computerisation of land records in India. In addition to quick access to land records, Bhulekh records also facilitate the maintenance of mutation records. These land records can be easily updated as per land mutations. It has become very easy to track revenue and registration using the Bhulekh platform.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purpose only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. Bank make no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Newsletter. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from Kotak. Kotak, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein.