How to Invest in Mutual Funds Online for Beginner - Steps
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Achieving your long-term financial goals requires more than saving money in a traditional way to grow your wealth over a savings account. It necessitates a well-thought-out investment strategy that has the potential time. Mutual Funds are one such avenue that has captured the attention of investors worldwide. Let’s look at mutual funds basics.

A mutual fund is an investment that gathers funds from numerous investors to buy a diversified collection of bonds, stocks, or other securities. Managed by professionals, these funds provide an easy gateway to the financial markets, making them a suitable option for novice and seasoned investors.

However, understanding Mutual Funds can be challenging for those new to investing or seeking to expand their financial portfolio. That is where this article comes in. This article will discuss the various types of Mutual Funds, the reasons behind investing in them, and how to invest in Mutual Funds online.

How to Invest in Mutual Funds in India - 5 Steps

Opting for mutual fund investments in India is a smart approach to wealth accumulation. The process is straightforward. You just have to follow these steps:

Step 1: Risk Profiling

First, understand your risk tolerance. Do you lean towards high-risk investments or prioritise safety? Risk tolerance is crucial in determining the most suitable Mutual Funds for your investment portfolio.

Step 2: Asset Allocation

Determine your preferred allocation strategy for diversifying your investments among various asset classes, such as stocks, bonds, and cash. This diversification can help manage risk. Still, do not forget to consider the preferred mutual fund’s expense ratio.

Step 3: Identify Suitable Funds

Research and identify Mutual Funds that align with your investment goals and risk profile. Look at past performance, expenses, and fund managers' track records.

Step 4: Select a Mutual Fund Scheme

Once you have found suitable funds, choose the scheme you want to invest in. Each scheme may have different features and objectives.

Step 5: Diversify and Monitor

Spread your investments across multiple funds to further reduce risk. Regularly monitor your investments and adjust to stay on track with your financial goals.

How to Invest in Mutual Funds Online?

  • Invest In Mutual Funds Via Kotak Net-Banking Service

To invest in mutual funds via net-banking, please follow the steps below:

  1. Login to Net-banking with your Customer ID and password
  2. Go to Investments
  3. Click on the Transact Tab
  4. Select Purchase Tab


  • Invest In Mutual Funds Via Kotak Banking App

To invest in mutual funds via Banking App, please follow the steps below:

  1. Login to the App.
  2. Tap on Investment on the bottom panel.
  3. Select ‘Purchase Mutual Fund / SIP’.
  4. Select the back account and tap on ‘Next’.
  5. Sort and pick the fund you want to invest in and top on the ‘Submit’.
  6. Enter fund details as per your requirement
  7. Agree to terms and conditions and select purchase
  8. Tap on ‘OK’ to provide explicit consent
  9. View the details, tap on the ‘confirm’ and you are done.

Types of Mutual Funds

Mutual Funds offer various options to suit investors' preferences and financial goals. Understanding the various types of Mutual Funds will help you make sound financial selections. The types of Mutual Funds in India are categorized as follows:

Based on the Assets Based on the Structure Based on Investment
  1. Equity Funds
  2. Debt Funds
  3. Hybrid Funds
  1. Open-Ended Funds
  2. Closed-Ended Funds
  1. Index Funds
  2. Tax-Saving Funds (ELSS)

Based on the Assets

1. Equity Funds

These funds primarily invest in stocks or equities. These investments provide the potential for significant long-term returns, albeit with increased fluctuations. Equity funds are divided into large-cap, mid-cap, and small-cap categories based on the size of the companies they target for investment.

2. Debt Funds

Debt Mutual Funds primarily invest in fixed-income securities such as corporate bonds, government bonds, and money market funds. They are less risky than equity funds and provide consistent income through interest payments. Yet considering taxation on debt mutual funds is advisable.

3. Hybrid Funds

These combine both equity and debt investments. They offer a balanced mix of risk and return, making them suitable for investors seeking a middle-ground between safety and growth.

Based on the Structure

1. Open-Ended Funds

Open-ended Mutual Funds do not have a fixed maturity date, allowing investors to enter and exit anytime. They are famous for their liquidity; you can buy or sell units directly from the fund house.

2. Closed-Ended Funds

Closed-ended Mutual Funds have a set maturity time ranging from 3 to 7 years. Investors can only purchase units during the first offering period, after which they can be exchanged like stocks on stock markets.

Based on Investment

1. Index Funds

These funds seek the performance of a certain stock market index, such as the Sensex or Nifty 50. They have reduced costs and are suited for passive investors looking to

replicate market returns.

2. Tax-Saving Funds (ELSS)

Equity Linked Saving Schemes (ELSS) are tax-saving Mutual Funds with a mandatory three-year lock-in period. These investment instruments provide tax advantages under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act in India and are widely favoured for tax planning purposes.

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Why should you Invest in Mutual Funds?

Investing in Mutual Funds can be a wise financial move, offering several compelling reasons to consider:

1. Diversification

These funds spread their investments across a broad spectrum of asset classes and stocks, effectively minimising risk through portfolio diversification. As a result, when a specific asset or stock doesn't perform as well, the positive performance of other assets can counterbalance the loss. This potential balancing act enables investors to experience favourable returns on their investments. To add an extra layer of risk mitigation, one can diversify even further by investing in different categories of Mutual Funds.

2. Professional Management

Skilled fund managers handle the day-to-day management of the fund. They analyse market trends, select investments, and adjust, leveraging their expertise to maximise returns.

3. Enhanced Returns

Unlike FDs and RDs, Mutual Funds can yield superior returns due to diversified investments. Equity Mutual Funds offer high returns but have higher risks, ideal for risk-tolerant investors. Debt funds, with lower risk, still outperform deposits.

4. Cost-Efficient

Mutual Funds offer a cost-effective entry point with investments as low as ₹5,000 for lump sum and ₹500 for monthly SIPs, eliminating the need to amass a substantial sum before you can start investing. Opting for a Direct Plan in a mutual fund scheme eliminates the necessity of paying extra commissions to distributors or agents. Additionally, mutual funds taxation benefits help you save more on the earned profits in the long term.

5. Structured Investing

Mutual Funds offer a disciplined approach via SIP (Systematic Investment Plan), allowing small, regular contributions - weekly, monthly, or quarterly. Set up auto-debit for convenience, automatically deducting funds from your account. SIP simplifies consistent investing.

Points to Keep in Mind Before Investing in Mutual Funds

Before diving into the world of mutual funds, there are several key points that every investor should consider. Below are the three critical factors to keep in mind.

  • Understanding the Risk Associated with Mutual Funds

The value of mutual funds can go up or down depending on market conditions and the performance of the underlying assets. So, it's crucial for investors to thoroughly research and comprehend the potential risks linked with the specific mutual fund they intend to invest in.

  • Assessing One's Financial Situation

Before investing, take a thorough look at your financial status. This involves evaluating your income, expenses, savings, and financial obligations. This step will help you determine how much you can comfortably invest without straining your financial health. Investing should not impede your ability to meet everyday needs or existing financial commitments.

Costs of Investing in Mutual Funds

Understanding the costs associated with mutual fund investments in India is essential as they can impact overall returns. Here are the key ones:

  • Expense Ratios

Expense ratios are annual fees charged by all mutual funds. They include management fees, administrative fees, and operating costs. Higher expense ratios can lower net returns.

  • Entry and Exit Loads

Entry loads are charges paid when buying mutual fund units, reducing your initial investment amount. Exit loads are charges paid when selling units, usually decreasing over time.

  • Other Fees

Other potential costs include transaction, redemption, switch, and account fees. Always read the scheme information document to understand the cost structure clearly.


Investing in Mutual Funds offers a potent strategy for building wealth, reaching your financial objectives, and ensuring a stable future. It's essential to understand that investing in Mutual Funds is not a short-term endeavour but rather a long-term commitment. Review and adjust your portfolio to align with your goals and risk tolerance.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs) on Mutual Funds

Q1. Can I buy Mutual Funds myself?

You can buy Mutual Funds through various platforms like banks, online brokerage accounts, or fund houses.

Q2. How do I start investing in Mutual Funds?

Start investing in Mutual Funds by selecting a fund, completing the required paperwork, and investing the minimum amount per the fund's guidelines.

Q3. Can I withdraw my money from Mutual Funds at any time?

Yes, you can withdraw your money from Mutual Funds anytime, but some funds may have exit loads or lock-in periods. You must check the fund's terms for these details.

Q4. What are the common mistakes to avoid when investing in Mutual Funds?

There are several common mistakes that you must avoid when investing in Mutual Funds. The mistakes are:

  • Neglecting to diversify your portfolio.
  • Not understanding risk.
  • Ignoring fees.
  • Not reviewing your portfolio regularly.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purposes only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. The Bank makes no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Article. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from the Bank. The Bank, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein. Tax laws are subject to amendment from time to time. The above information is for general understanding and reference. This is not legal advice or tax advice, and users are advised to consult their tax advisors before making any decision or taking any action. Mutual Fund investments are subject to market risks, read all scheme related documents carefully.