TDS on Property Sale and Purchase in India | Tax Deduction Guide
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Property tax is a type of tax levied on real estate properties. In India, the buyer of a property is required to pay TDS (Tax Deducted at Source) on the amount paid to the seller. The provision of TDS on Sale of Property was introduced to ensure that the government receives its share of taxes from the transaction. In this article, we will discuss everything you need to know about TDS on the sale of property, including how to file, documents required, payment process online, and frequently asked questions.

How to File TDS on Sale of Property?

Filing TDS on Sale of Property is a straightforward process. Here are the steps involved:

Step 1: Obtain Form 26QB

The first step is to obtain Form 26QB, which is the TDS return form for property transactions. This form can be downloaded from the official website of the Income Tax Department.

Step 2: Fill in Details

Fill in all the details required in the form, including the name and address of the buyer and seller, the property's location, and the amount paid.

Step 3: Calculate TDS

Calculate the TDS amount based on the total consideration paid. As per the current rates, TDS is 1% of the total consideration paid. However, if the property is sold three years from the date of purchase, the TDS rate is 2%.

Step 4: Deposit TDS

Deposit the TDS amount into the government's account using Challan 281.

Step 5: Submit Form 26QB

Submit Form 26QB along with proof of payment of TDS to the Income Tax Department.

Documents Required for TDS on Property Sale

Now that you know how to pay TDS on Property Sale, it’s time to file TDS on a property. Here are the documents you’ll need to begin with:

  • Sale Agreement: A copy of the registered sale agreement is necessary to calculate the TDS amount.
  • Property Details: Details such as the location, size, and age of the property are required to determine the TDS rate.
  • PAN Card: The PAN card of both the buyer and seller is required to be mentioned in the TDS return.
  • Aadhaar Number: As per the recent amendment, quoting Aadhaar number is mandatory while filing the TDS return.

What is Section 194IA of the Income Tax Act?

Section 194IA of the Income Tax Act deals with the TDS provisions on immovable property. It states that any person responsible for paying any sum to a resident transferor shall deduct tax at source at the rates specified in the section. The section also provides for the furnishing of a statement containing details of the transaction and payment of tax deducted to the government.

Steps to TDS on Property Online

Paying TDS on property can now be done easily online. Here are the steps involved:

  1. Visit the official website of the Income Tax Department: Go to the official website of the Income Tax Department ( and click on the 'e-payment' option.
  2. Choose the appropriate challan: Select Challan 281 for TDS on the property and provide the necessary details such as PAN, TAN, and assessment year.
  3. Enter payment details: Enter the amount of TDS payable and select the mode of payment (net banking, debit/credit card, etc.).
  4. Confirm payment: After successful payment, a confirmation page will appear. Save the receipt for future reference.

How Can You Obtain Form 16B After Filing Tax on Property Sale?

Form 16B is a TDS certificate that contains details of the TDS amount paid to the government. To obtain Form 16B after filing tax on property sale, follow these steps:

Step 1: Log in to Your Account

Log in to your income tax account on the official website of the Income Tax Department.

Step 2: Go to "Downloads

Go to the "Downloads" section and click on "Form 16B".

Step 3: Enter Details

Enter your PAN number, assessment year, and other relevant details.

Step 4: Download Form 16B

Download Form 16B and take a printout for future reference.

TDS on Purchase of Property

TDS on Purchase of Property is a lesser-known concept, but it is essential to understand its implications. According to Section 194IA of the Income Tax Act, buyers are required to deduct TDS at the rate of 1% on the purchase price of a property if the amount exceeds Rs 50 lakhs. This provision was introduced to ensure that the government receives taxes from property transactions. However, this rule does not apply to agricultural land or rural properties. It is crucial to note that TDS on property purchase is different from TDS on property rent.

Latest News & Key Developments about TDS on Property

  • The proposed amendment to Section 194-IA for the sale of immovable property suggests that when purchasing immovable property, the individual should deduct 1% tax on the higher of the paid/credited amount or the stamp duty value.
  • The Finance Bill 2022 has also proposed to amend the existing section 203A, which deals with the procedure for filing TDS returns.


Also Read- A Brief Guide About The Section 80ee: Eligibility, Purpose, And Differences

FAQs About TDS on Property

1. Who deducts TDS on property sales?

The buyer of the property is responsible for deducting TDS on the sale consideration. They must deposit the deducted amount to the government on behalf of the seller.

2. What is the threshold limit for TDS on property transactions?

TDS is applicable if the sale consideration exceeds Rs 50 lakhs. This applies to both residential and commercial properties.

3. How TDS on sale of property is used by NRI?

Non-Resident Indians (NRIs) are also required to deduct TDS on property sales, just like Indian residents. They must obtain a TAN (Tax Deduction and Collection Number) before making the payment.

4. What is TDS on sale of property for joint owners?

Joint owners are required to deduct TDS on their share of the property. Each owner must deduct TDS on their respective share, and they must submit separate TDS returns.

5. Is TDS applicable when buying agricultural land or rural property?

No, TDS is not applicable on the purchase of agricultural land or rural property. However, it is important to note that this exemption is only available for properties used solely for agricultural purposes.

6. Is there a difference between TDS on property purchase and TDS on property rent?

Yes, there is a difference between TDS on property purchase and TDS on property rent. TDS on property purchase is 1%, while TDS on property rent is 10%.

7. What is Lower deduction or nil deduction of TDS?

Under certain circumstances, the buyer can apply for a lower deduction or nil deduction of TDS by submitting Form 13A. This form requires details of the transaction, the seller's PAN, and proof of payment.


TDS on sale of property is a critical aspect of the Income Tax Act. Following the steps outlined in this article ensures compliance and a seamless property transaction experience. Remember, timely payment and accurate documentation are key to avoiding penalties and legal issues.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purpose only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. Bank make no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Newsletter. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from Kotak. Kotak, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein.