Leave and Licence Agreement: Legal Definition & Online Process
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In the realm of property management in India, the Leave and Licence Agreement is a crucial legal document that connects property owners and tenants with legal validity. This guide explains the Leave and Licence Agreement's legal definition and the required procedures. It also explores the modern convenience of managing this document online to match today's fast-paced life.

Whether you're a vigilant homeowner protecting your property or a discerning tenant searching for a secure home, this guide provides essential insights. Join us on this journey through the world of Leave and Licence Agreements online, simplifying property transactions in contemporary India.

What is a Leave and Licence Agreement?

A Leave and Licence Agreement, often referred to simply as a Licence Agreement, is a legally binding document that governs the temporary transfer of rights to use and occupy a property. In this arrangement, the property owner, known as the 'licensor,' grants permission to another party, the 'Licencee,' to occupy the premises for a specified period.

Also, there is a clear difference between a lease and a leave and Licence agreement. Unlike traditional leases, the latter does not transfer ownership or create a landlord-tenant relationship. Instead, it confers a limited right to use the property. This distinction is crucial, as it allows for easy eviction in case of disputes.

With new technologies, creating and managing a Leave and Licence Agreement online has become increasingly convenient, streamlining the process for both parties involved.

Benefits of a Leave and Licence Agreement


It offers flexibility for both property owners and occupants. It allows for short-term arrangements, making it suitable for students, working professionals, and those seeking temporary accommodations.

Legal Clarity:

By clearly defining the terms and conditions of occupancy, this agreement reduces the potential for disputes. It provides a legal framework for addressing issues such as rent, security deposits, and maintenance responsibilities.

Quick Eviction:

Unlike traditional leases, eviction under a Leave and Licence Agreement is more straightforward. In non-compliance or disputes, the licensor can regain possession of the property without protracted legal battles.

Property Protection:

Property owners benefit from the added layer of protection as it clarifies their rights and helps safeguard their assets.

Online Convenience:

With the option to create and manage agreements online, the process has become hassle-free and time-efficient.

A Leave and Licence Agreement offers a practical, legally sound solution for property transactions in India, providing benefits that cater to the evolving needs of landlords and tenants alike.

Documents Required to Register a Rent Agreement

To formalise a Leave and Licence Agreement, certain documents must be provided ensuring legal validity and compliance:

Identity Proof:

Both the licensor and Licencee must provide their identity proofs, such as Aadhar cards, passport copies, or voter IDs.

Address Proof:

Address verification documents, like utility bills or Aadhar cards, are necessary to confirm the residential addresses of both parties.

Property Ownership Proof:

The licensor should provide proof of property ownership, such as the property's title deed or sale deed.


Recent passport-sized photographs of both parties are typically required.

Stamp Duty:

Paying the applicable stamp duty is essential, and the receipt should be included in the documentation.

Notarisation: Some states require notarised signatures of both parties to validate the agreement.

Also Read- Tenancy Agreement: Know Its Meaning, Types & Legal Rights

Steps How to Register for Leave and Licence Agreement

Prepare the Agreement:

Begin by drafting a comprehensive Leave and Licence Agreement that outlines all terms and conditions, including rent, deposit, duration, and responsibilities of both parties. Ensure that it adheres to the legal framework.

Visit the Sub-Registrar's Office:

Both the licensor and licensee need to visit the local Sub-Registrar's Office, usually within the jurisdiction of the rented property.

Get the Agreement Stamped:

Pay the necessary stamp duty based on the rent amount and the state-specific rates. This can be done at the Sub-Registrar's Office or an authorised stamp vendor.

Submit Documents:

Submit the required documents, including identity proofs, address proofs, property ownership proofs, photographs, and the drafted agreement.

Witnesses and Signatures:

In the presence of two witnesses, sign the agreement. The witnesses must also provide their identities and addresses.


The Sub-Registrar will review the documents, verify identities, and register the Leave and Licence Agreement. Once registered, it becomes a legally valid document.

Collect the Registered Agreement:

Collect the duly stamped and signed agreement from the Sub-Registrar's Office after registration.

Online Registration: In some states, online registration of Leave and Licence Agreements is available. Follow the specific state's online registration process, if applicable.

Registering a Rent Agreement Online in India

To simplify the process of registering a rent agreement in India, many states now offer online registration options. Here are the steps to register a rent agreement online:

Visit the Official Website: Go to the official website of the concerned state's Registration and Stamps Department.

Create an Account: Register or create an account on the portal, providing the necessary details.

Fill the Agreement Form: Access the rent agreement form online. Fill in the required information accurately.

Upload Supporting Documents: Scan and upload the necessary documents, such as identity proofs, address proofs, property ownership documents, and photographs.

Pay Stamp Duty: Calculate the stamp duty based on the rent amount and pay it online through the portal.

Schedule an Appointment: Book an appointment for the biometric verification of all parties involved at a nearby citizen service centre.

Verification and Registration: Attend the appointment for biometric verification and registration. The authorities will verify the documents and register the agreement digitally.

Receive Registered Agreement: Once registered, you will receive a digitally signed copy of the rent agreement, which is legally valid.

Online registration of rent agreements in India offers convenience and efficiency, eliminating the need for physical office visits.

Legal Points to Note Before Signing a Leave and Licence Agreement

Understanding of Terms: Carefully read and comprehend all terms and conditions in the agreement, including rent, security deposit, and responsibilities.

Property Inspection: Inspect the property thoroughly before signing to ensure it aligns with the description in the agreement.

Notice Period: Be aware of the notice period required for termination and understand the eviction process.

Stamp Duty: Verify that the appropriate stamp duty has been paid and documented in the agreement.

Registration: Ensure the agreement is registered with the local Sub-Registrar's Office for legal validity.

Witnesses: Confirm the presence of witnesses and their signatures on the agreement.

Legal Consultation: Consider seeking legal advice if you have doubts or concerns about the agreement's terms. Prioritising these legal aspects ensures a secure and transparent arrangement for both parties.


The Leave and Licence Agreement stands as a vital legal instrument, meticulously balancing the interests of property owners and occupants in India. Its defined legal framework and the convenience of online registration have made it an indispensable tool for securing property transactions. With clarity on its legal definition, format, and online process, you're well-equipped to navigate the country's dynamic landscape of property management in the country. Embrace the power of informed decision-making and legal clarity as you embark on your journey within this fascinating Leave & Licence Agreements realm.

Read also: Can HRA Be Claimed Together with Interest on Home Loan?


FAQs About Leave & Licence Agreement

1.) Are online Leave & Licence Agreement considered as valid as traditional paper agreements?

Yes. In this digital era, online procedures have simplified the process to much extent. Consequently, digital agreements are also also considered valid as traditional ones.

2.) What are the essential elements that should be included in a Leave and Licence Agreement?

A Leave and Licence Agreement should include essential elements such as the names and details of the licensor and licensee, property details, rent amount, deposit details, duration, maintenance responsibilities, notice period, and terms for renewal and termination.

3) How does a Leave & License Agreement differ from a rental agreement?

A Leave & License Agreement differs from a rental agreement in that it grants the licensee temporary permission to occupy the property without creating a landlord-tenant relationship, making it easier for the licensor to regain possession in case of disputes or non-compliance.

4.) What is the typical duration of a Leave and Licence Agreement?

The typical duration of a Leave and License Agreement in India is 11 months. This duration is often chosen to avoid the more complex rent control regulations that may apply to agreements exceeding 12 months.

5.) What are the key parties involved in a Leave & Licence Agreement?

The key parties involved in a Leave & Licence Agreement are the "Licensor" (property owner or landlord) and the "Licensee" (tenant or occupant). These parties are central to the agreement, defining their respective rights and responsibilities.

6.) How is a Leave & Licence Agreement terminated, and what are the grounds for termination?

A Leave & Licence Agreement can be terminated by either party with a notice period as stipulated in the agreement. Common grounds for termination include non-payment of rent, breach of agreement terms, or mutual consent to end the agreement.

7.) How is the rent determined in a Leave and Licence Agreement?

In a Leave and Licence Agreement, the rent is determined through mutual agreement between the licensor (property owner) and licensee (tenant). It is typically negotiated based on factors such as the property's location, size, amenities, and prevailing market rates.

8.) What happens if the licensee fails to pay rent or breaches the terms of the agreement?

If the licensee fails to pay rent or breaches the agreement terms, the licensor can initiate legal action, including eviction proceedings. The specific consequences may vary based on the agreement and local laws.

9.) Is it possible to convert a Leave and License Agreement be converted into a long-term lease or sale agreement?

No, a Leave and Licence Agreement cannot be converted into a long-term lease or sale agreement. It is a temporary arrangement with a different legal framework than leases or sale agreements, which require separate negotiations and documentation.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purpose only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. Bank make no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Newsletter. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from Kotak. Kotak, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein.