Widow Pension: Vidhwa Pension Scheme | Eligibility, Application Process & Benefits
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Understanding Widow Pension is vital for those navigating life after their spouse's demise. The blog includes key aspects, eligibility criteria, application process, and benefits associated with Widow Pensions. It aims to clarify a significant important topic for widows seeking financial support. Whether exploring this pension option for oneself or someone known, the guide provides a clear and concise overview of Vidhwa Pension, facilitating informed decisions during challenging times.

What is Widow Pension?

Widow Pension, initiated by the Central Government, is a financial assistance program providing a fixed monthly income to widows relying on other family members after their husband's demise. This support varies across states. The pension holds significant importance for widows managing their livelihoods without their spouses. It ensures a regular income, fostering self-reliance and improving their economic condition. This initiative acknowledges widows' challenges, aiming to alleviate financial burdens and empower them. However, it's crucial to note that the pension benefits cease upon the widow's death, and eligibility doesn't extend to other family members, maintaining a focus on direct support for widowed individuals.

Here is a complete guide to Vidhwa Pension, its benefits, features, eligibility, and application.

Benefits and Features of Widow Pension

  • Objective: The primary aim of the Widow Pension plan is to assist widows living in impoverished conditions and help them sustain themselves while supporting their families.
  • Fixed Monthly Amount: Subscribers receive a fixed monthly amount credited to their bank accounts, with the condition that the account is linked to their Aadhaar Card for easy fund access.
  • Pension Range: The pension amount ranges between Rs. 300 and Rs. 2500 in all states, catering to the specific needs of widows across different regions.
  • Financial Independence: For widows relying on savings and family support after their husband's death, the pension scheme provides a reliable source of income, promoting financial independence.
  • Utilisation of Funds: Elderly widows often face financial challenges, and the scheme allows them to utilise the pension money to purchase a retirement plan or make investments for their future.
  • Enhanced Well-being: The scheme goes beyond financial aid, providing additional perks such as job assistance, equipment purchases, medical benefits and promoting the overall well-being of the subscribers.

By offering financial assistance and support, the Widow Pension scheme helps women survive confidently and respectfully, acknowledging their challenges and providing a dignified way to overcome them.

Eligibility Criteria for Widow Pension

Here are a few eligibility conditions that an individual should fulfil to apply for financial support under the Widow Pension scheme:

  • Age: Typically, widows applying for the scheme are between 40 and 60 years old, though specific age ranges or exceptions may apply in certain states.
  • Income Criteria: Applicants must belong to a Below Poverty Line (BPL) household or have an annual income below a specified threshold, ensuring that financial aid reaches those in need.
  • Marital Status: Eligible widows are those who have not remarried after the death of their husband, emphasising support for women who continue to face challenges post-spousal loss.
  • Residence Requirement: Applicants must be permanent residents of the state where they apply for the scheme, aligning the assistance with the local population's needs.
  • Additional Criteria: Some states may impose extra conditions, such as having dependent children, being unemployed, or residing in a rural area, to address specific circumstances and ensure targeted aid to those facing additional challenges.

Widow Pension Application Process

The Vidhwa Pension scheme helps women gain financial independence. Eligible subscribers can receive a regular pension each month to support their basic sustenance. These are the documents required to register for the scheme:

  • Aadhaar card
  • Husband’s death certificate
  • Government-certified address proof
  • Income certificate
  • Age proof
  • Mobile number
  • Passport-size photograph
  • Bank account passbook

Online Application Process

An aspiring applicant must check the Widow Pension scheme in their state. After confirming their eligibility, they can apply for the benefits online or offline. Follow these steps to complete the process:

  • Visit the Official Website: Start by accessing the official website of the Social Welfare Department or the e-governance portal specific to your state.
  • Register/Login: If you're a new user, create a new account by providing the required details. For existing users, log in using your credentials.
  • Select the Scheme: Navigate to the list of available schemes and choose the Vidhwa Pension.
  • Fill in the Application Form: Complete the application form with accurate personal details, marital status, income information, and bank account details. Upload the necessary documents as specified in the provided guidelines.
  • Submit the Application: Review the filled-in form for accuracy and completeness before submitting it online.
  • Track Application Status: Obtain an application reference number for future tracking purposes after submission. This reference number will help you monitor the status of your Vidhwa Pension application through subsequent stages.

Offline Application Process

Widows must contact the Janpad Panchayat Officer or Commissioner for their Municipal Corporation, request the scheme application form, fill it out, and submit it with the necessary documents. They may also do the same by visiting their district's Social Welfare Department Office. Follow these steps for offline application:

  • Visit the concerned office or authority.
  • Request an application form for the Vidhwa Pension
  • Fill out the form accurately.
  • Attach the necessary documents.
  • Submit the form at the office.


After complete verification, the government will approve the application and transfer the pension amount directly to the applicant’s bank account.

Types of Widow Pension

Widow Pension comes in two main types:

  1. The centrally administered Indira Gandhi National Widow Pension Scheme (IGNWPS) targeted widows aged 40-59 falling under the Below Poverty Line (BPL).
  2. There are state-specific schemes implemented by individual states, each with unique eligibility criteria and benefits. These state schemes aim to address the diverse needs of widows within their respective regions.

Understanding these distinctions is crucial for widows seeking financial assistance, ensuring they can access the most suitable scheme tailored to their specific circumstances and location.

Calculation of Pension Amount

The pension amount may range from Rs. 300 to Rs. 2500, depending on the applicant's state. Different state governments have unique policies to distribute Vidhwa Pension among their citizens. The pension amount also depends on the applicant’s age, financial condition, obligations, etc. However, those with a family income exceeding Rs. 10,000 do not qualify for the scheme benefits. That is because it is a basic sustenance scheme helping women live comfortably. Additional benefits include medical benefits, job assistance, extra funds for a daughter's marriage in certain states, etc.

Duration and Renewal

The widow receives a pension for life after her husband's death. However, the pension stops if she remarries. After her second husband's death, she can renew the pension to restart gaining financial benefits.


The Widow Pension scheme provides financial freedom to women after their husband’s unexpected death. It empowers widows living under financial stress by providing them with a pension to support their living. Those looking for a Vidhwa Pension must explore the available pension options and apply for one online or offline. Share this guide to spread awareness and help a widow live a confident life without depending on her family members.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

1. What is the income criterion for a Widow Pension?

To receive a Widow Pension, an applicant’s family income should not exceed Rs. 10,000 per month.

2. What is the salary of Vidhwa Pension Yojana?

The pension received from the scheme may range from Rs. 300 to Rs. 2500, depending on the applicant’s age, condition, and other factors.

3. How do I check my Widow Pension status in UP?

Visit the scheme’s official website at http://sspy-up.gov.in/, select “Check Application Status Online”, and enter the application registration number to check the Widow Pension status in UP.

4. What is the amount of Vidhwa Pension in UP?

Eligible beneficiaries receive a grant of Rs. 500 per month from the UP State Government.

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