National Pension Scheme (NPS) Tax Savings Benefit - Roles & Withdrawals of NPS Tier I & Tier 2
  • Personal
  • Business
  • Corporate
  • Private Banking
  • Privy League
  • NRI Services
  • Investors
  • Personal
  • Business
  • Corporate
  • Private Banking
  • Privy League
  • NRI Services
  • Investors

The National Pension System (NPS) stands as a crucial investment avenue offering notable tax benefits.  With the Kotak NPS platform, subscribe to the National Pension Scheme (NPS) as part of its comprehensive suite of financial services. It's designed to secure financial futures, particularly concerning tax planning and long-term savings for retirement. So, without further delay, let’s move ahead and explore these benefits in detail.

NPS Tax Benefits: An Overview

There are many national pension scheme tax benefits, making it an attractive investment avenue for individuals. Here's a breakdown of the tax benefits associated with NPS:

Tax Benefits on Contributions:

  • Section 80CCD(1): Individuals can claim deductions on contributions made towards NPS up to Rs 1.5 lakh within the overall limit of Section 80C.
  • Section 80CCD(1B): An additional deduction of Rs 50,000 is available exclusively for NPS contributions. This is over and above the limit of Rs 1.5 lakh under Section 80C.
  • Section 80CCD(2): Employers contributing up to 10% of Basic Salary + Dearness Allowance (DA) towards NPS for employees can claim deductions on this amount. The maximum limit for this deduction is Rs 7.5 lakh, which includes Employer’s contributions made to the Provident Fund (PF), Superannuation, and NPS.

Note: the given tax benefits are according to the old tax regime.

Role of NPS in Reducing Taxable Income:

  • Individuals opting for NPS can claim deductions on their contributions, thereby reducing their taxable income.
  • Employers contributing to their employees' NPS accounts also lower the taxable income of their employees, providing additional NPS accounts for tax benefit
  • The flexibility in contributions allows individuals to plan their investments strategically to avail maximum tax benefits.

Tax Benefit in NPS Tier I

Purpose: This is the primary retirement account in the National Pension System (NPS).

Withdrawal Restrictions: It allows limited withdrawals before retirement, primarily aimed at ensuring post-retirement income security.

Benefits of Investing in NPS Tier I for Tax Deductions

Tax Benefits on Contributions: Contributions made to NPS Tier I are eligible for tax deductions under different sections of the Income Tax Act.

Section 80CCD Deductions for NPS Tier I Contributions

Individual Contributions (Section 80CCD (1)):

  • Deduction Limit: Up to Rs 1,50,000 per annum.
  • Tax Benefit: Taxpayers investing in NPS can claim this amount as a deduction from their taxable income.

Additional Deduction (Section 80CCD (1B)):

  • Deduction Limit: An exclusive Rs 50,000 on contributions to NPS.
  • Tax Benefit: Provides an extra tax benefit beyond the limit of Rs 1.5 lakh available under Section 80C.

Employer Contributions (Section 80CCD (2)):

  • Deduction Limit: Employers' contributions, up to 10% of Basic + Dearness Allowance (DA), can be claimed by employees.
  • Tax Benefit: Offers an additional deduction over the Rs 1.5 lakh limit available under Section 80C and 80CCD(1).

Benefit in NPS Tier II

NPS Tier II is an investment account allowing individuals to contribute and withdraw funds flexibly. Unlike Tier I, which is primarily a retirement account, Tier II doesn't have restrictions on withdrawal and offers more liquidity. However, the tax implications differ between these tiers.

Overview of NPS Tier II and its Tax Implications:

Tier II Features:

Flexibility: Allows for 100% withdrawal anytime without tax benefits.

Investment Account: Operates as an investment vehicle with no tax benefits.

Optional: It doesn't require opening alongside Tier I; it's an independent account.

Minimum Contribution: Rs 1,000 at the time of account opening and Rs 250 per contribution after that.

No Tax Benefits: Tier II Contributions do not offer tax benefits.

Separate from Tier I: Tax benefits only apply to Tier I accounts.

If you are wondering “About NPS tax benefits in which tier”, take a look at the differences between NPS Tier II from Tier I regarding Tax Benefits:

Tier I Tax Benefits:

  • Contributions to Tier I qualify for tax deductions under sections 80CCD(1), 80CCD(1B), and 80CCD(2).
  • Maximum deductions up to Rs 2 lakh, including Section 80C, 80CCD(1B), and 80CCD(2).
  • Tax benefits are available exclusively for Tier I contributions, aiding retirement savings.

Tier II Tax Benefits:

  • No tax benefits for contributions made to Tier II.
  • Operates more like a voluntary savings/investment account without tax deductions.
  • Focuses on liquidity and flexibility rather than tax-saving advantages.

Taxation on NPS Tier II Withdrawals and Capital Gains

Tier I Withdrawals:

  • Partial withdrawals are allowed for specific purposes after a certain period (subject to conditions).
  • At retirement, a portion can be withdrawn as a lump sum, and the remaining must be used to purchase an annuity.

Tax on withdrawals: Lump sum withdrawals are partially tax-exempt, with tax applied to the annuity portion.

Tier II Withdrawals:

  • No tax benefits or exemptions on Tier II withdrawals; the entire amount withdrawn is taxable.
  • Taxation is similar to regular income tax slab rates for the financial year of withdrawal.

Capital gains: if any, from Tier II investments are subject to taxation as per the applicable tax slab.


In summary, the National Pension System (NPS) offers significant tax benefits through sections 80CCD(1), 80CCD(1B), and 80CCD(2) for Tier I contributions, aiding retirement savings. While Tier II lacks tax advantages, understanding these distinctions ensures informed choices for efficient tax planning and long-term financial security.

Latest Comments

Leave a Comment

200 Characters

Read Next

NPS Tier 1 Vs Tier 2: Differences and Tax Benefits


National Pension Scheme (NPS): Meaning, Scheme Details and Formula


How to Download NPS Transaction Statement

Load More

Disclaimer: This Article is for information purposes only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. The Bank makes no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Article. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from the Bank. The Bank, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein. Tax laws are subject to amendment from time to time. The above information is for general understanding and reference. This is not legal advice or tax advice, and users are advised to consult their tax advisors before making any decision or taking any action.