NPS Interest Rates: National Pension Scheme Rate of Interest | 9% to 12% CAGR
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Are you tired of worrying about money in your golden years? Do you want to ensure a comfortable retirement without sacrificing your current lifestyle? If yes, then you're not alone! Retirement planning is a major concern for many Indians, especially with the rising cost of living and increasing lifespan.

One effective way to secure your financial future is by investing in the National Pension Scheme (NPS), which offers attractive return rates ranging from 9% to 12% CAGR to help your wealth grow over time. But have you ever wondered what exactly the National Pension Scheme Return Rates are and how they're calculated? In this blog post, we'll demystify NPS Return Rates and tell you everything you need to know to make informed decisions about your retirement savings.

Understanding National Pension Scheme

The National Pension Scheme (now known as the National Pension System) is a government-backed retirement savings plan regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority of India (PFRDA) that was launched in 2004. It is designed to provide old-age income security to individuals who subscribe to it. The scheme offers two types of accounts -

  • Tier I
  • Tier II

While Tier I is a mandatory account that provides a defined benefit, Tier II is a voluntary account that allows subscribers to save more and earn market-linked returns.

NPS Interest Rate

Within the National Pension System (NPS), it's important to note that there isn't a fixed "NPS interest rate." Generally, the return range is from 9% to 12% CAGR. The returns in the NPS are contingent upon a multitude of variables, such as an individual's investment preferences, the selection of NPS tiers (Tier 1 or Tier 2), and the nature of employment (government or corporate). These elements collectively contribute to the diverse range of returns available to NPS participants, reflecting the flexibility and adaptability inherent in the NPS investment framework.

The returns generated by this account are based on the performance of these assets. Take a look at the table below to learn about the NPS Current Return Rate for the Tier I Interest Rate Category:

Asset Class 1-Year Return (%) 5-Year Return (%) 10-Year Return (%)





Corporate Bonds




Government Bonds




Disclaimer: These investments are subject to market risks, and the returns are market-driven. Past performance is not indicative of future results. NPS investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance and investment goals.

NPS Tier II Returns

Tier II of NPS offers more flexibility than NPS Tier I, allowing subscribers to choose from a range of asset classes. Below are the current National Pension Scheme Rate of Returns for Tier II returns over different time periods:

Asset Class 1-Year Return (%) 5-Year Return (%) 10-Year Return (%)





Corporate Bonds




Government Bonds




Disclaimer: These investments are subject to market risks, and the returns are market-driven. Past performance is not indicative of future results. NPS investors should carefully consider their risk tolerance and investment goals.

How to Calculate NPS Interest?

You cannot calculate the rate of interest on NPS investment, but the rate of returns can be arrived at using a specified formula that you can find on NPS Trust, PFRDA and the PFMs portal.

You can also use the NPS calculator, a valuable financial tool that helps individuals plan for their retirement by estimating potential pension payouts based on their contributions and investment choices. It provides users with insights into their retirement corpus and aids in making informed decisions about their NPS investments.

By providing essential details such as your date of birth, monthly contribution amount, expected contribution period, return on investment, and annuity preferences, it offers a glimpse into the potential pension and lump sum amount upon maturity. It enables individuals to plan their retirement effectively by projecting the financial benefits they may receive. By filling in your particulars and assuming specific return rates, you can assess and adjust your retirement savings strategy, ensuring financial security in your later years. This calculator offers a clear picture of the rewards that diligent NPS contributions and prudent investment choices can bring.

This is how Your Investment Grows with the NPS

In the National Pension System (NPS), investors have the flexibility to choose how and where their money is invested based on two primary options: Active Choice and Auto Choice.

Under the Active Choice, investors have the autonomy to create their own asset mix, allowing for a personalised investment approach. This empowers them to allocate their funds across various asset classes, such as equity, corporate bonds, government securities, and alternate investment funds, in alignment with their risk tolerance and financial goals.

Alternatively, the Auto Choice provides a more hands-off approach, with an automatic asset mix based on the investor's age. As the investor grows older, the equity component in the portfolio decreases, reducing risk.

There are three predefined Auto Choice options:

  • Aggressive LC*75 with 75% equity
  • Moderate LC*50 with 50% equity
  • Conservative LC*25 with 25% equity

Employers may also opt to choose the Auto Choice on behalf of their employees or allow individual employees to make this selection.

It's important to note that there are maximum investment limits for each asset class to ensure a diversified and balanced portfolio. Equity investments are capped at 75%, while corporate bonds and government securities have a maximum investment limit of 100%. Additionally, investors can allocate up to 5% of their funds to Alternate Investment Funds (AIF) for diversification and risk management.

FAQs on NPS Interest Rate

Q 1. How good is the NPS (National Pension System)?

The National Pension System (NPS) is a well-structured retirement savings plan that offers several benefits, including a flexible investment option, transparent administration, and a wide range of investment choices. It is considered a good investment option for people looking to ensure a steady income stream during their golden years.

Q 2. What is an annuity in NPS and annuity rate?

An annuity in NPS refers to a monthly pension paid by the insurance company to the subscriber after the accumulation phase. The annuity rate is the percentage of the corpus converted into annuity. The annuity rate varies depending on factors like age, gender, and the type of annuity chosen. The higher the annuity rate, the more the monthly pension received by the subscriber. The details are presented on

Q 3. Is interest on NPS fixed?

No, there is no fixed rate of return. However, it ranges from 9% to 12% CAGR. The interest depends on market conditions and the chosen investment options. NPS invests in a mix of government securities, corporate bonds, and equities, and the return on these investments varies based on market performance. Therefore, the interest earned on NPS may fluctuate over time.

Q 4. Is NPS withdrawal free from tax?

In the NPS, you can make partial withdrawals after 3 years with a 25% limit, tax-exempt, for specific purposes like illness or education. After 5 years, premature retirement allows a 20% lump sum withdrawal, with the remaining 80% becoming a pension, also tax-exempt. At age 60, 60% of the corpus can be withdrawn as a lump sum, tax-exempt, as per the Union Budget 2019.

Q 5. Is NPS a safe investment option?

Yes, NPS is considered a safe option for subscribers due to its regulatory framework, transparency, and diversified investments across asset classes. The scheme also has a grievance redressal mechanism in place to address any concerns or issues faced by subscribers.

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Disclaimer: This Article is for information purposes only. The views expressed in this Article do not necessarily constitute the views of Kotak Mahindra Bank Ltd. (“Bank”) or its employees. The Bank makes no warranty of any kind with respect to the completeness or accuracy of the material and articles contained in this Article. The information contained in this Article is sourced from empaneled external experts for the benefit of the customers and it does not constitute legal advice from the Bank. The Bank, its directors, employees and the contributors shall not be responsible or liable for any damage or loss resulting from or arising due to reliance on or use of any information contained herein. Tax laws are subject to amendment from time to time. The above information is for general understanding and reference. This is not legal advice or tax advice, and users are advised to consult their tax advisors before making any decision or taking any action.